Size: 10" high,
adult (Alternate Plumage): Head, neck, wings, and sides black.
Back has large white checkered markings. Chest white. White neck
ring with vertical black bars; patch of smaller stripes below
throat. Stripes on side of chest. Bill black. Eyes red.
adult (Basic Plumage): Upperparts gray to gray-brown. Underparts
and throat white. Irregular border of dark and light along neck.
Wedge of white extending from throat to back of neck. White crescents
around eye. Bill silvery-gray with black upper edge. Eyes dark.
Range - Breeds across Alaska and Canada, southward to northern
United States and Yellowstone region. Also in Greenland, Iceland,
and rarely in Scotland.
Range - Winters along both coasts and inland on large lakes from
Alaska to southern Mexico, and Newfoundland to eastern Mexico.
Also winters in Europe from Iceland to the Mediterranean.
on clear freshwater lakes with rocky shorelines surrounded by
forest; also on subarctic tundra lakes. Stages for migration
on large lakes and rivers. Winters primarily in coastal marine
areas near shore; also in large freshwater lakes.
on fish, as well as some other aquatic vertebrates and invertebrates.
its nest on a large wet mass of plant material near the surface
of the lake, sometimes on top of muskrat mound or placed along
shoreline or on floating island. The eggs are brown with dark
decreased across the south part of the range in the early to
mid-20th century, but increased in the last third of the century.
Poisoning by mercury in aquatic ecosystems and by lead from fishing
sinkers can be significant caues of death.
North American Loon Fund is a nonprofit conservation organization
that sponsors research, management, and educational programs
throughout North America in an effort to check the population
decline of the Common Loon and other loon species.